No one can resist that brown eyes & that cute grin a dog gives. Can that little treat from your table hurt your pet? Well, yes and sometimes to the extreme. Understand that they are animals and just because you like few foods, doesn’t mean your dog will love it too. Their appetite and kind of foods they consume is far different from ours. Keeping this in mind, today this article will tell you what foods are toxic to dogs. Read on.
24 Foods Dogs Should Not Eat
Almost all dogs love food & they are more attracted when they see humans eating. Though sharing that tidbit occasionally is fine but it is equally important to know that there are some poisonous foods for dogs, which can be very dangerous. Sometimes, you might end up killing your own dog and I don’t think you want that to happen right? So, it is better to be familiar with what foods your dog should eat and what it is not supposed to. Check them out.
Note: Before listing the dangerous foods for dogs, there is something important for me to write over here. Now, foods that are 100% healthy and safe for human consumption can turn out to be toxic for dogs. Thereby, leading it to serious health issues (instantly sometimes). Bear in mind that every animal is unique and so is its rate of metabolism (breaking food to energy). So, it is highly advised never to attempt to give the foods to your dog listed here in this article. Also, if you know any foods that is been missed out and it is toxic to dogs, feel free to drop up in the comments section.
- Apple Seeds
The reason why apple seeds are considered one of the foods that are toxic to dogs is that they contain “amygdlin” (natural chemical), which releases cyanide whenever digested. And when this ingredient is consumed by your dog in large proportions, then the chemical easily enters in his or her blood stream, causing some severe health issues. So, avoid giving them to your dog.
Since the topic is about what foods are toxic to dogs, I cannot miss writing about avocados here. Yes, it is quite surprising for you to read that what a fruit is 100% healthy to humans can be extremely dangerous to dogs. In fact, every part of avocado – seeds, leaves, bark and fruit contains a very toxic principle called “persin”. And the most common variety of avocados sold in market known as “Guatemalan” is claimed to be the worst for dogs. This doesn’t mean other avocado varieties can be given, No, they too have varying toxic levels. Not only dogs but also rabbits, birds and even large animals like horses are very sensitive to this fruit. Once consumed, it causes respiratory distress, fluid accumulation in heart, congestion & even death. So, don’t even think of playing around with your dog with this ingredient. One bite by mistake and you see your dog suffering like hell.
Alcohol is one of the foods dogs should not eat and I am very sure that you would have heard of stories where a dog accidentally drinks some spilled beer & rest you know what happens. Now, this might seem funny but not to a dog. Alcohol is highly toxic to your dog. It causes poor breathing, lack of proper coordination, abnormal acidity & even coma or death.
- Bread Dough
Believe it or not, bread dough (raw) made from live yeast is hazardous when ingested by your dog. When your dog swallows raw dough, the moist, raw environment of its stomach gives a great environment for yeast to spread or multiply, which results in “stomach expansion”. This expansion is so severe that it decreases blood flow on its stomach wall, ultimately resulting in death of tissues. Moreover, there will be breathing difficulty. An affected dog has distended abdomens & shows the below signs:
- Lack of proper coordination
If the case is severe, your dog can undergo seizures or coma and sometimes even death.
- Baby Food
Though baby foods aren’t that terrible to your dog but if there is anything that contains an ingredient like onion powder, then it can be highly toxic to your dogs. If it is meant for babies, it is! So, do not feed your dog.
When it comes to foods that are toxic to dogs, chocolate is something you should be very careful of. Usually, chocolate intoxication happens commonly during holidays like Christmas, Easter, Halloween & Valentine’s Day. And each time a dogs happens to eat a chocolate (even if it is little) or something that contains chocolate like brownies, baked goods, cookies, cocoa powder and candies, it is toxic. The reason is the chocolate’s compounds: theobromine and caffeine. And if the chocolate is darker, more toxic it is. Depending on the chocolate’s amount and type ingested, signs can vary from increased thirst, vomiting, restlessness, abdominal discomfort to muscle tremors, severe agitation, higher body temperature, irregular heartbeats, seizures and even death. If your dog shows severe restlessness, take it to a vet immediately.
- Coffee, Tea & Other Caffeine
As said above, when a dog consumes caffeine in large quantities, it can be fatal. The worse part – there isn’t any antidote. Signs of caffeine poisoning are
- Rapid breathing
- Muscle tremors
- Heart palpitations
Apart from coffee and tea, even beans & grounds found in colas, chocolate, cocoa and other stimulant drinks like Red Bull could be highly dangerous to your dog. So, don’t ever do the mistake of giving it to your dog.
- Candy & Gum
Candies, gums, baked goods, diet foods and toothpaste have a sweetened compound named “Xylitol”. This causes an insulin increase in the dog’s body, thereby causing a drop in blood sugar & liver failure. General symptoms include lethargy, lack of proper coordination and vomiting. Eventually, your dog might experience seizures and within few days liver failure.
- Cat Food
If a food is meant for your cat, it is supposed to be for your cat alone and not your dog. Cat foods include fats and proteins targeted for its diet and not your dog. In fact, the kind of fat and protein levels found in cat food is very high for a dog. Moreover, it isn’t healthy.
- Cooked Bones
Yes, cooked bones can be dangerous to your dog. It easily splinters whenever chewed. Prefer uncooked or raw bones instead. Both are good for dog’s health and nutrition.
- Corn On The Cob
Now, this is a guaranteed way to have a dog’s intestine completely blocked. Even though the corns are digested, the cob is lodged in small intestine. If it isn’t removed surgically, it can be fatal. On the other hand, more corn can upset your dog’s digestive tracts. Therefore, make sure never to feed in excess.
Ethanol has its other name as Drinking Alcohol, Grain Alcohol or Ethyl Alcohol. May whatever the name is, the important thing is that it is dangerous for dogs. A dog is highly sensitive to this ingredient than humans. And even a very small proportion of it can lead to perils. It causes significant intoxication. Commonly, alcohol intoxication causes:
- Lack of proper coordination
If the case is severe, your dog might experience seizures, coma and even death. Monitor your dog closely for any such signs. Make sure to take it to a vet if you find something suspicious.
Fish species, which you have to be very careful with your dog, are none other than salmons and trout. Salmons (raw) is fatal, especially of the fish ahs been infected by a parasite named “Nanophyetus Salmincola”. Though this parasite isn’t dangerous by itself but when it is infected with bacteria named “Neorickettsia Helminthoeca”, it can be fatal. If the diagnosis is done early, your dog can recover faster.
- Grapes & Raisins
Apart from the above, what foods are toxic to dogs? Well, grapes & raisins are something you shouldn’t be feeding your dog. It leads to kidney failure. Also, other signs include lethargy, vomiting and diarrhea within twelve hours of intake. As the symptoms progress, a dog can become dehydrated, lethargic and refuses to eat. On the other hand, it is quite surprising to know that some dogs consume them and experience nothing at all. However, later, they can become very sick. It is better to be safe. So, don’t feed raisins or grapes to your dog.
This is an ingredient found in beer and can be highly toxic to dogs. When your dog consumes this, it causes panting, increased heartbeats, seizures, fever & even death. So, avoid feeding this to your dog.
- Human Vitamins
A vitamin supplement that is exclusively designed for humans is something you need to avoid giving your dog. Though certain vitamin supplements are considered safe but I still advice you to check for the ingredients written at the label. Compare the ingredients’ activeness and inactiveness with the ones a veterinarian subscribes for dogs. Make sure that there is no iron because it can damage your dog’s digestive system lining massively. Moreover, it is has been proved poisonous to kidneys and livers.
- Macadamia Nuts
Even though macadamia nuts are rarely fatal to dogs but can cause some uncomfortable symptoms lasting for over 48 hours. An infected dog develops pain, tremors, low fever and weakness in its rear legs. Luckily, these signs slowly subside after 48 hours. However, if the symptoms are severe, better to take your dog to a vet, who will give fluid therapy & pain control.
- Milk & Dairy Products
It might be extremely tempting for you to share little bit of that ice-cream with your dog on a hot sunny day but don’t do this because your dog is never going to thank you for doing so. Both milk & milk products cause digestive upset, food allergies and diarrhea in dogs. So, don’t ever do the mistake of feeding such things to your dog.
- Moldy Foods
Wide mold varieties grow on foods. Some generate toxins known as “Tremorgenic Mycotoxins” that easily causes serious /life-threatening issues once consumed by dogs. It is sad that it is hard to determine if a specific mold produces such toxins. Therefore, it is safe not to feed dogs moldy foods. Promptly, eliminate moldy debris from your pet’s environment so that he doesn’t eats it. Symptoms of tremorgenic poisoning begin with muscle tremors and then gradually progresses to whole body tremors & finally convulsions. If left untreated, tremors last for many weeks.
- Onions & Garlic
All forms of onions & garlic are poisonous to dog. Whether it is raw, dehydrated, cooked or raw – it can damage a dog’s RBCs (Red Blood Cells), leading it to anemia. Though a small occasional dose is okay but large quantities is never advised. Anemic symptoms include vomiting, weakness, dullness, refusing to eat and breathlessness.
- Persimmons, Plums and Peaches
These are foods dogs should not eat. The primary reasons for these fruits being toxic to dogs are their pits or seeds. It causes inflammation in small intestine. In severe cases, it causes intestinal obstruction. Every plum and peach pits have cyanide, which can be poisonous to both dogs and humans. The only difference is that we humans know that we shouldn’t eat while dogs don’t.
- Sugary Drinks And Foods
Excess sugar does a lot of harm to both dogs and humans. It leads to dental problems, obesity and diabetes. So, avoid.
It is never advised to share those salty grubs like pretzels or chips with a dog. Excess salt causes intense thirst & urination in dogs, finally, leading to sodium-poisoning. Signs include diarrhea, vomiting, depression, high body temperature, tremors and seizures. Sometimes, it causes death as well.
This is one of the most hazardous ingredients for both dogs and humans. The nicotine effects from tobacco are worse in dogs than humans. It can damage your dog’s digestive & nervous system completely. Thereby, leading it to faster heartbeats & finally death.